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Days of the Week in Japanese | 6 very useful charts for easier learning!!

こんにちは!/Hello 😛 
Today, I would like to share another essential Japanese words about
“the days of the week in Japanese” with you.

It is probably one of the first things that you learn at school all over the world. And it’s also a word that you will continue to use for the rest of your life.

There are also 6 very useful chart to learn “The word of past, present and future for Days, Weeks, Months and Years in Japanese” as well!

Use the following charts and learn “Days of the week in Japanese” easy!

Days of the week in Japanese

Day of the week in Japanese is よう(Yoobi).
For example, we daily use question like…

What day is today?
今日きょうなんようですか? (Kyoo wa nan yoobi desuka)

Which day is the best for you?
どのよう一番いちばんいですか? (Dono yoobi ga ichiban ii desuka)

Days of the Week in Japanese
ENG Hiragana
& Kanji
Pronunciation Abbreviation
SUN にち曜日ようび nichi
-yoobi
(日)
MON げつ曜日ようび getsu
yoobi
(月)
TUE 曜日ようび ka
yoobi
(火)
WED すい曜日ようび sui
yoobi
(水)
THU もく曜日ようび moku
yoobi
(木)
FRI きん曜日ようび kin
yoobi
(金)
SAT 曜日ようび do
yoobi
(土)

Japanese people normally use abbreviation for the days of the week as below on newspapers and other any documents .

2020年 10月21日(水)Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Here is a conversation example to make an appointment with someone using a day of the week in Japanese.

We have space available on next week. Which day would you like? (formal)
来週らいしゅうならきがありますが、どのようがよろしいですか?
(Raisyuu nara aki ga arimasu ga, dono yoobi ga yoroshii desu ka)
I will take Friday.
金曜日きんようびでおねがいします。
(Kinyoobi de onegaishimasu)

Months of the year in Japanese

If you already know how to count numbers in Japanese,
Months of the year in Japanese is sooo easy to learn!

The New Year in Japan is January, which is the first month of the calendar.
What you need to do is just add “月(gatsu)” after the numbers 1(January)~12(December), such as 1, 2 and 3.

What month is now?
いまなんがつですか? (Ima wa nan gatsu desuka)
It’s August.
8がつです。
(Hachi-gatsu desu)

Here is a chart for “Month of the year” in Japanese.

Months of the Year in Japanese
English Hiragana,
Common
& All Kanji
Pronunciation
Jan 1いちがつ
ichi-gatsu
Feb がつ
ni-gatsu
Mar さんがつ
san-gatsu
Apr がつ
shi-gatsu
May がつ
go-gatsu
Jun ろくがつ
roku-gatsu
Jul しちがつ

shichi-gatsu
Aug はちがつ

hachi-gatsu
Sep がつ

ku-gatsu
Oct 10じゅうがつ

jyuu-gatsu
Nov 11じゅういちがつ
十一
jyuuichi-gatsu
Dec 12じゅうにがつ
十二
jyuuni-gatsu

※Japanese people used to use Kanji letter to write numbers before, but it’s not so common to use in everyday life now. However you still might see these writing in Japanese temple or in some Samurai type of movies and comics.

Month in Japanese is basically つき(tsuki).
Same word as がつ or げつ(gatsu or getsu) but pronunciation is different.

Here are some example sentences.

I want to eat a delicious cake at least once a month.
すくなくともつきいちはおいしいケーキがべたい。
(Sukunakutomo tsuki ni ichido wa oishii keeki ga tabetai)

Set goals for this month at the beginning of the month.
つきはじめにこんげつ達成目標たっせいもくひょうめましょう。
(Tsuki no hajime ni kongetsu no tassei mokuhyou wo kime masyou)

January to February is the coldest month of the year.
がつから2がつ一年いちねんなかもっとさむつきです。
(Ichi-gatsu kara ni-gatsu wa ichinenn no naka de mottomo samui tsuki desu)

How to say the past, present, and future days

Here is chronological chart for days in Japanese.

There are some words have 2 to 3 different ways to read same Kanji.
And also there are some words have 2 different Kanji but having same meaning.

In such cases, those words are listed from the top in the order in which they are often used.

Days in Japanese
The past, present and future 
English Hiragana
& Kanji
Pronunciation
3 days
ago
一昨昨日さきおととい saki-ototoi
The day
before
yesterday
一昨日おととい ototoi
Yesterday 昨日きのう kinoo
sakujitsu
Today 今日きょう
本日ほんじつ
kyoo
honjitsu
Tomorrow 明日あした
あす
みょうにち
ashita
asu
myoonichi
The day
after
tomorrow
明後日
みょうごにち
あさって
asatte
myoogonichi
3 days
later
明々後日しあさって shiasatte
Others
Every day 毎日まいにち mai-nichi
The other day 先日せんじつ sen-jitsu
At a later date 後日ごじつ go-jitsu
Several days 数日すうじつ suu-jitsu

Let’s study the past, present, and future for week, month and year, too!

Weeks in Japanese -The past, present and future 
English Hiragana
& Kanji
Pronunciation
The week
before last
先々せんせんしゅう sensen-syuu
Last week せんしゅう sen-syuu
This week こんしゅう kon-syuu
Next week らいしゅう rai-syuu
The week
after next
再来さらいしゅう sarai-syuu
Every week まいしゅう mai-syuu

 

Months in Japanese -The past, present and future
English Hiragana
& Kanji
Pronunciation
The month
before last
先々せんせんげつ sensen-getsu
Last month せんげつ sen-getsu
This month こんげつ kon-getsu
Next month らいげつ rai-getsu
The month
after next
再来さらいげつ sarai-getsu
Every month 毎月まいつき mai-tsuki

 

Years in Japanese -The past, present and future
English Hiragana

Kanji
Pronunciation
The year
before last
一昨年おととし oto-toshi
Last year 去年きょねん
昨年さくねん
kyo-nen
saku-nen
This year 今年ことし
本年ほんねん
ko-toshi
hon-nen
Next year 来年らいねん rai-nen
The year
after next
再来年さらいねん sarai-nen
Every year 毎年まいとし mai-toshi
All year round 一年中いちねんじゅう ichi-nen-jyuu

Today’s Summary

Day of the week in Japanese is
  よう(Yoobi).

What you need to do is just add “曜日ようび(yoobi)” after the Kanji represents each day of the week, 日(Sun), 月(Mon), 火(Tue), 水(Wed), 木(Thu), 金(Fri), 土(Sat), such as 曜日にちようび, 曜日げつようび and 曜日ようび.

There are 6 very useful chart to learn “The word of past, present and future for Days, Weeks, Months and Years in Japanese” as well.

It’s good to print out and practice them over and over!!

Please give me a comment for any question or any good ideas to improve this blog more helpful! 😀

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