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BODY PARTS in JAPANESE | List of body parts & phrases (1)

こんにちは 😀 Hello!!

Today, I would like to study body parts in Japanese with you!

For example, when you feel sick and have to go to hospital or even in everyday life, there are various situations to explaining using the names of body parts. Basically the names for body parts are part of the basic vocabulary every language learner will need as well.

Let’s study them and step up your Japanese vocabulary!

The Body Parts in Japanese

Here are common body parts in Japanese.

English Japanese Pronunciation
Body 身体 からだ karada
Head あたま atama
Forehead おでこ or ひたい odeko or hitai
Brain のう noo
Hair かみ or かみ kami or kami-no-ke
Beard ひげ hige
Face かお kao
Eyes me
Eye blow 眉毛まゆげ mayu-ge
Eyelashes まつ matsu-ge
Eyelid まぶた mabuta
Nose はな hana
Cheeks ほほ or ほっぺた hoho or hoppeta
Mouth くち kuchi
Lips くちびる kuchibiru
Upper lip うわくちびる uwa-kuchibiru
Lower lip したくちびる sita-kuchibiru
Teeth ha
Anterior teeth 前歯まえば mae-ba
Gums 歯茎はぐき ha-guki
Tongue した or べろ shita or bero
Chin (jaw) あご ago
Upper jaw 上顎うわあご uwa-ago
Lower jaw 下顎したあご shita-ago
Ears みみ mimi
Neck くび kubi
Throat のど nodo
Tonsil 扁桃腺へんとうせん hentoosen
Upper body 上半身じょうはんしん jyoo-hanshin
Chest むね mune
Breast むね mune
Nipple 乳首ちくび chi-kubi
Stomach (abdomen) なか or 腹部ふくぶ onaka or fukubu
Lower abdomen 下腹部 かふくぶ ka-fukubu
Navel おへそ oheso
Back 背中せなか senaka
Waist (Lower back) こし koshi
Shoulder かた kata
Arms うで ude
Forearm 前腕ぜんわん zen-wan
Upper arm 上腕じょうわん jyoo-wan
Elbow ひじ hiji
Wrist 手首てくび te-kubi
Hand te
Palm てのひら tenohira
Finger ゆび yubi
Thumb 親指おやゆび oya-yubi
Index finger 人差ひとさゆび hitosashi-yubi
Middle finger 中指なかゆび naka-yubi
Ring finger 薬指くすりゆび kusuri-yubi
Little finger (pinky) 小指こゆび ko-yubi
Nail つめ tsume
Lower body 下半身かはんしん ka-hanshin
Hip おしり oshiri
Legs あし ashi
Thigh もも or 大腿だいたい momo or daitai
Knee ひざ hiza
Calf ふくらはぎ fukurahagi
Ankle 足首あしくび ashi-kubi
Foot あし ashi
Sole of the foot あしうら ashi-no-ura
Heel かかと kakato
Toe あしゆび ashi-no-yubi

※If you want to say two body parts like “both hands” in Japanese, put “りょう(ryoo)” in front of each part.
ex.) both legs / りょうあしryooashi)
both eyes / りょうryoome)
both hand / りょうryoote)

Explaining about Your Pain

When you would like to explain your pain to your doctor, you can put the part of the body you are in pain in the blank【 】below and say the following phrase:

① My【      】 hurt.
【  】いたいです
【       】 ga  itai  desu.

② My 【  】is/are in serious pain.
【  】かなり(すごく)痛いです
【    】ga kanari(sugoku) itai desu.

③ My 【  】hurts a little.
【      】少し痛いです
【     】ga sukoshi itai desu.

How may I help you today?
今日きょうはどうされましたか?
kyoo wa doo saremashita ka?
My right eye is in serious pain from yesterday.
昨日きのう から みぎすごく いたいです
kinou kara migime ga sugoku itai desu.

Related Words for More Expressions

here / ここ(koko)
there / そこ(soko)
around here / このへん(kono-hen or kono-atari)
right みぎ(migi)
leftひだり(hidari)
centerなか(ma-n-naka)
up more / もっとうえ(motto ue)
down more / もっとした(motto shita)
a little up moreもう少し上 (moo sukosi ue)
a little down moreもう少し下 (moo sukosi shita)
dull painにぶいたみ (nibui itami)
sharp painするどいたみ (surudoi itami)

My back is in serious pain.
背中せなかすごくいたです。
senaka ga sugoku itai desu.
Is it around here?
このあたりですか?
kono atari desuka?
No. It’s on the left.
ちがいます。ひだりです。
chigaimasu. hidari desu.
Is it here?
ここですか?
koko desuka?
A little up more.
もう少し上です。
moo sukoshi ue desu.

Common Phrases You might Use in Doctor’s Clinic

Here are some phrases using parts of the body in Japanese that you might use to express your symptoms.

※You can replace the body parts described in the following phrases with the parts that have your own symptoms from the chart above.

・I feel tight in my chest.
苦しいです。
mune ga kurushii desu.

・My left knee is swollen.
腫れています
hidari no hiza ga harete imasu.

・I burned my finger.
火傷しました
yubi wo yakedo shimashita.

・I fell and hit my back.
転んで背中打ちました
koronde senaka wo uchi-mashita.

・I broke my arm in an accident.
事故で骨折しました
jiko de ude wo kossetsu shimashita.

・I cut my finger with a kitchen knife.
包丁で切りました
hoochoo de yubi wo kiri-mashita.

・I don’t feel my right hand.
みぎ感覚かんかくがありません
migite no kankaku ga arimasen.

・The tip of my foot is numb.
足先あしさきしびれます
ashi-saki ga shibire-masu.

I have a stuffy nose.
詰まっています
hana ga tsumatte-imasu.

I have runny nose.
鼻水はなみずます。
hana-mizu ga demasu.

I’ve got a bad stomach.
お腹調子が悪いです。
onaka no chooshi ga warui desu.

調子が悪い (chooshi ga warui) means ”not feeling well” in English.
It also means ”not doing well or not working well ”, so you can use this for the condition of things like some equipment and appliances.

Common Phrases You might Use in Normal Life

Here are some common phrases using parts of the body in Japanese.
It’s useful to remember these phrases, as they often appear in everyday conversations and anime scenes.

※Basically, you can use (ください), when you say the following phrases in formal way. You don’t have to use (ください) for your close friends and kids.

・Wash your hands!
を洗って (ください)!
te wo aratte (kudasai)!

・Open your eyes.
を開けて(ください)
me wo akete (kudasai).

・Close your eyes.
を閉じて(ください)
me wo tojite (kudasai).

・Hands up! or Raise your hand.
を挙げて(ください)。   
te wo agete (kudasai).

・Brush your teeth!
を磨いて(ください)! 
ha wo migaite (kudasai)!

・Think well with your head.
を使ってよく考えて(ください)
atama wo tsukatte yoku kangaete (kudasai).


・Clap your hands.
をたたいて(ください)
te wo tataite (kudasai).

・Open your mouth.
を開けて (ください)。
kuchi wo akete (kudasai).

・You have a good nose.
が利くね。  casual
hana ga kiku ne. 

・That makes my ears burn.
が痛い (です)。
mimi ga itai (desu).

・My grandpa is hard of hearing.
私の祖父はが遠いんです。
watashi no sofu wa mimi ga tooindesu.

・I just can’t wait. or I can hardly wait to beat him. 
が鳴るぜ。
ude ga naru ze.

・I owe him so much. or I wouldn’t be able to face him.
が上がりません。 formal 
atama ga agarimasen. 

が上がらないよ。  casual
atama ga agaranai yo. 

Today’s Summary

You can use the chart above to study the parts of the body in Japanese.

If you live in Japan, I highly recommend you to study phrases above.
My husband got hospitalized in Tokyo this year, there were no Doctor could speak and understand English in the hospital where he stayed.
He had to struggle to communicate with Doctors even though he was feeling sick 🙁
So the phrases to describe your condition to your doctor is especially important!!

Next time I will write an article about internal organs and bones in Japanese.
Please check that as well and improve your Japanese vocabulary 😀

 

 

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